The Similarities and Differences: Criminal and Civil Liability in 18-Wheeler Accident Cases

Ryan A Dehoyos Image | Houston Personal Injury Law Firms | DeHoyos Accident Attorneys







$20 M


The chilling aftermath of 18-wheeler accidents is frequently characterized by a harrowing landscape of severe injuries and devastating property damage. These large-scale, traumatic incidents thrust innocent victims into a world marked by profound uncertainty, excruciating pain, and the bitter taste of loss. As victims grapple with their new reality, they find themselves attempting to pick up the shattered pieces of their lives and embark on the long, arduous journey toward recovery and restoration.

This distressing experience is further compounded by the urgency to seek justice and pursue rightful compensation for the immeasurable suffering they’ve endured. However, the path to justice is far from straightforward. The legal maze that ensues following these incidents is intricate and often bewildering to the uninitiated. Here, knowledge becomes an invaluable tool, acting as a compass to guide victims through the murky waters of legal intricacies.

Accidents involving 18-wheelers invariably intersect the realms of both criminal and civil law, each presenting unique aspects that demand thorough comprehension. Criminal law steps in when there’s a breach of the law that society considers a significant offense deserving punishment. Conversely, civil law focuses more on resolving disputes between individuals or organizations, with remedies typically involving some form of compensation to the aggrieved party.

These two parallel legal streams, while distinct, intertwine in fascinating ways when it comes to 18-wheeler accident cases. The similarities and differences between criminal and civil liability form the bedrock of understanding what the legal response to such accidents should be.

Criminal Liability in 18-Wheeler Accident Cases

The complexities of the legal landscape following an 18-wheeler accident can seem daunting. Among the most significant aspects to understand is the notion of criminal liability. When an 18-wheeler accident transpires as a result of the truck driver’s negligent or reckless conduct, the driver may find themselves facing criminal charges. Criminal liability ensues when the driver’s behavior not only breaches traffic regulations but also crosses into the realm of criminal activity. A number of common criminal charges crop up in 18-wheeler accident cases:

  1. Reckless Driving: This charge applies when the truck driver showcases a brazen disregard for the safety of others sharing the road. Demonstrating such disregard could include actions such as excessive speeding, aggressive driving maneuvers, or operating the vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
  2. Vehicular Manslaughter: Should the unfortunate circumstance arise where the accident results in the death of another individual, the truck driver could be charged with vehicular manslaughter. Typically, this serious charge is brought forth if the driver’s actions were excessively negligent or involved substance-induced impairment.
  3. Violations of Commercial Vehicle Regulations: The operation and maintenance of commercial vehicles like 18-wheelers are subject to particular regulations. Non-compliance with these regulations can lead to criminal charges against the individuals or entities responsible for the oversight.

Civil Liability in 18-Wheeler Accident Cases

Contrasting with criminal charges, victims of 18-wheeler accidents also have the legal right to initiate civil lawsuits to seek compensation for their injuries and property damage. Civil liability is the legal domain concerned with apportioning blame and accountability for the incident. Several pivotal components of civil liability in 18-wheeler accident cases include:

  1. Negligence: The majority of civil lawsuits stemming from 18-wheeler accidents are predicated on the legal principle of negligence. To assert negligence, the victim must effectively prove that the truck driver or other involved parties were obligated to a duty of care, failed to uphold this duty, and as a direct consequence, inflicted the victim’s injuries or damages.
  2. Vicarious Liability: In certain situations, the trucking company may also find itself bearing liability for the actions of its drivers through a legal concept known as vicarious liability. This doctrine stipulates that an employer can be held answerable for the negligent actions of their employees if those actions were performed within the bounds of their employment.

Bridging the Gap: Similarities between Criminal and Civil Liability

While criminal and civil liabilities are fundamentally distinct legal notions, there exist overlapping elements when they intersect in the context of 18-wheeler accident cases:

  1. Burden of Proof: Both criminal and civil cases necessitate the burden of proof, albeit with different standards. In criminal cases, the onus is on the prosecution to establish the defendant’s guilt ‘beyond a reasonable doubt.’ In contrast, civil cases demand that the plaintiff prove liability by a ‘preponderance of the evidence,’ implying that it is more probable than not that the defendant bears responsibility.
  2. Investigation: The investigative phase is integral to both criminal and civil cases. It involves the diligent collection of evidence and the determination of the accident’s cause. This process may involve law enforcement agencies and private investigators engaged by the victim or their legal counsel.

The Crucial Role of a Competent 18-Wheeler Accident Lawyer

The complex intricacies of 18-wheeler accident cases, spanning both criminal and civil territories, can be overwhelming for victims. Herein lies the importance of securing the counsel of a seasoned 18-wheeler accident lawyer. An attorney with specialized experience can offer indispensable guidance and support throughout the legal process, which includes:

  1. Case Evaluation: A competent attorney can scrutinize the particulars of the accident, accumulate necessary evidence, and evaluate the potential to proceed with both criminal charges and civil lawsuits.
  2. Negotiations: Dealing with insurance companies is another crucial step in the process where having an adept attorney can make a significant difference. They can negotiate on your behalf to guarantee that you receive just compensation for your injuries, medical bills, lost income, and other damages.
  3. Court Representation: In instances where a civil lawsuit escalates to trial, your attorney will champion your rights in court, showcasing evidence, cross-examining witnesses, and delivering compelling arguments to secure the compensation you rightfully deserve.

Call Today!

DeHoyos Accident Attorneys, PLLC

If you’ve found yourself on the receiving end of an accident in Houston due to the negligence, recklessness, or carelessness of another party, the financial and personal burdens you shoulder should not go uncompensated. At DeHoyos Accident Attorneys, PLLC, we specialize in advocating for accident victims and securing them the compensation they’re entitled to. We deeply empathize with our clients’ adverse circumstances and commit ourselves to painstakingly maximize the compensation they receive. Our expertise in Texas’s personal injury law, combined with a solid grasp of local court procedures in the Houston area, translates into winning legal strategies.

Reach out to us today at (832) 745-4878 for a free consultation. Let us be your guiding light in the negotiations with insurance companies and your steadfast companion through the legal process until its conclusion.



















A personal approach to personal injury in Houston, Texas

“As a client to this Law Firm, I found it to be rewarding base on their work ethics. With there expertise, knowledge, flexibility and being responsive to their client needs. They will see that their client receive the best outcome on there case. There are many people out there that have bad ideas about lawyers, but DeHoyos Accident Attorneys will make sure that you’re not stressed about anything pertaining to your case. I’ll recommend that you seek this Lawyer and Law Firm for any unraveling situation you might face.”


“I can’t say enough good things about DeHoyos Accident Attorneys! Mr. Ryan DeHoyos is extremely knowledgeable in his field of Personal Injury. I was injured in a motor vehicle accident last year and Mr. DeHoyos stopped at nothing to get me the compensation I deserved. He kept me updated on my case regularly and guided me to get the medical care I needed. Additionally, his staff is so kind and caring, especially Ashley… Thank you, DeHoyos Accident Attorneys for your professionalism in closing my case…and WINNING big!”


Get a Free Consultation